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Myanmar: 5 years since Rohingya mass exodus, UNHCR urges solutions

Geneva: This week marks five years since more than 700,000 ethnic Rohingya fled military persecution from Myanmar for neighbouring Bangladesh, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, said.
"The latest exodus from Myanmar is now officially defined as being a protracted situation," UNHCR spokesperson Shabia Mantoo on Tuesday told journalists at a regular press briefing in Geneva. Since the onset of the humanitarian crisis, the Bangladesh Government, local communities and aid agencies have been quick to assist refugees arriving in what is now the world's largest refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, UN News reported.
Many Rohingya there continue to tell UNHCR that they wish to return home to Myanmar - so long as conditions for safe, dignified and sustainable returns are met and they can enjoy freedom of movement, access to documentation and a pathway to citizenship.
They also underscore the importance of accessing services and income-generating activities.
For the almost one million Stateless Rohingya refugees, conditions in Bangladesh are extremely overcrowded, and they remain fully reliant on humanitarian assistance for survival.
"With decreased funding, they face many challenges in their daily lives," said Mantoo, citing multiple humanitarian assessment surveys that found proper nutrition, shelter materials, sanitation facilities and livelihood opportunities to be among the most commonly unmet needs include.
"Some have resorted to dangerous boat journeys to seek a better future".
The UNHCR spokesperson also pointed out that violent incidents, especially for women, children and people with disabilities, are often under-reported.
Violence against children and women, especially gender-based violence, is "shrouded in stigma" that can render survivors voiceless, often unable to access legal, medical, psycho-social or other forms of support, she said.
Support must be "stepped up" for education, skills development, and livelihood opportunities, Mantoo continued, reminding that these will not only prepare refugees for eventual return but also help them remain safe and productive during their stay in Bangladesh.
While some 10,000 Rohingya children in Bangladesh are already enrolled in the Myanmar curriculum, taught in the Myanmar language, support for sustained and expanded access to the curriculum is needed.
"This is a milestone towards a more formal education and helps close the gap for older children who previously had no learning opportunities," said the UNHCR spokesperson.
UNHCR also appealed for further investment to ensure refugees can benefit from skills development, including vocational training and other forms of capacity-building for adolescent and adult refugees.
The 2022 response plan, which seeks over USD 881 million for more than 1.4 million people, including Rohingya refugees and more than half a million most affected host communities, is only 49 per cent funded, with USD 426.2 million received, according to UNHCR.
"The international community must do more to ensure that the Rohingya do not continue to languish in displacement," stressed Mantoo, asking that efforts be "redoubled" for increased political dialogue and diplomatic engagement to create conditions for voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable return. (ANI)

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