Thursday, June, 20,2024

PIL in Delhi HC, seeks direction to Law Commission to prepare a comprehensive report to control fake cases

New Delhi: A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was moved on Friday in Delhi High Court seeking direction to the Law Commission of India to prepare a comprehensive report to control fake cases and to reduce the police investigation time and precious judicial time.
The plea further seeks directions to the Police to ask the complainant "whether she is willing to undergo scientific tests like Narco Analysis, Polygraphy and Brain mapping during the investigation to prove allegation" and record her statement in the FIR. Petitioner also seeks direction to the Police to ask the accused "whether she is willing to undergo Narco Analysis, Polygraphy and Brain mapping test to prove her innocence" and record her statement in the Chargesheet.
Petitioner Advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay, a BJP Leader submits that that it will work as a deterrent and there will massive reduction in fake cases as well as the police investigation time and judicial time.
According to the petitioner, it will also secure the right to life, liberty and dignity of thousands of innocent citizens who are under tremendous physical mental trauma and financial stress due to fake cases.
Recently a complaint was filed against one journalist under the SC-ST Act though te complainant and the accused don't know each other.
Presently, with the growth of technology and new means to aid justice, the investigating agencies of developed countries like the US, China, Singapore are frequently using scientific tests like Narco Analysis, Polygraphy and Brain Mapping and therefore, fake cases are very less but 'deception detection tests' are rarely used in India that's why police stations and courts are filled with fake cases, stated the plea.
Petitioner also submits that narco-analysis does not amount to compulsion as it is a mere process of extracting information through disinhibition. The results are ascertained from the video recorded during the test which could help in disseminating more information.
The whole process is video recorded and a report is given by the doctors for further consideration and to help find more evidence.
The Courts in many instances have permitted the use of different scientific tests for further investigation. The narco-analysis test is conducted by a team that comprises the medical practitioners and other officers: an anaesthesiologist, a psychiatrist, a clinical/ forensic psychologist, an audio-videographer and supporting nursing staff.
The test is read and analysed by a forensic psychologist, who then presents a report accompanied by a video recording stored on a CD. If the Courts find it necessary, then this test is further verified through brain mapping and polygraph (lie detector) test, the plea read. (ANI)

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