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India questions UNSCs inability to resolve Ukraine conflict

New York: India has questioned, why the United Nations Security Council, which is mandated to maintain international peace and security has rendered “completely ineffective” in resolving the conflict in Ukraine.
Ministry of External Affairs Secretary (West) Sanjay Verma made these remarks while representing India at the UN Security Council Open Debate on the Ukraine conflict.
He further said that the path to peace in Ukraine requires dialogue and diplomacy and not escalation.
Addressing the Open Debate, Sanjay Verma said, “At the present juncture, we must pause and ask ourselves two pressing questions: One, are we anywhere near a possible solution acceptable? And if not, why is it that the UN system, and particularly its principal organ, this very UN Security Council, mandated to primarily maintain international peace and security, rendered completely ineffective to the resolution of the ongoing conflict?”
“For multilateralism to be effective, outdated and archaic structures need reform and reinventing, or else their credibility will always be on the wane. And unless we fix that systemic flaw, we will continue to be found wanting,” he added.
While laying the position of India on the Ukraine conflict, the MEA Secretary said that New Delhi is concerned over the situation and urged for making efforts for immediate cessation of hostilities.
“​India continues to remain concerned over the situation in Ukraine. We have always advocated that no solution can ever be arrived at the cost of human lives. Escalation of hostilities and violence is in no one’s interest. We have urged that all efforts be made for an immediate cessation of hostilities and an urgent return to the path of dialogue and diplomacy,” he said.
Verma added that the global order is based on international law, principles of the UN Charter and respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of all States, and these principles must be upheld.
“​Dialogue is the only answer to settling differences and disputes, however daunting that may appear at this moment. The path to peace requires us to keep all channels of diplomacy open,” he stated.
The MEA Secretary further highlighted the consequences of the conflict on rising prices of food, fuel and fertilizers, adding that it is important to listen to the voices of the Global South which are the most affected.
“​We note with regret that the collateral consequences of the conflict have led to rising prices of food, fuel and fertilizers, affecting the world at large and particularly the member states of the Global South, who have been left to fend for themselves. From our perspective, it is critical that their voices are heard and their legitimate concerns duly addressed. India’s G20 Presidency has ensured that some of these economic pitfalls faced by developing countries were brought to the forefront of the G20 Agenda and through a consensus-based approach a road map agreed upon, which also provided solutions for countries facing debt distress,” he said.
He added, “India’s approach to the Ukraine conflict will continue to be people-centric. We are providing both humanitarian assistance to Ukraine and economic support to some of our neighbours in the Global South facing economic distress”.
Verma emphasised that such steps should be avoided which endangers the possibility of dialogue and negotiations.
The MEA Secretary concluded by advocating PM Modi’s vision ‘This is not an era of war’ and called on the nations to come together for cooperation and development.
“To conclude, we continue to advocate Prime Minister Modi Ji’s view that "this is not an era of war”. On the contrary, it is a time for development and cooperation. It is indeed vital that we continue to believe in the promise of diplomacy and that eventually, it is always dialogue and diplomacy, that delivers,” he added.

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