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Individual and Family Behaviours: SEEDS OF ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURS

Organisational behaviour (OB) is the study of individual and group behaviour in organisational settings. OB looks at organisations as entities, the forces that shape them, and their impact on organisational members. The study of the OB involves the Individual, the Group or Team and the Organisation. The OB is a very important phenomenon that facilitates the development of healthy relationships among employees and employers in any organisation. In present times, issues relating to organisational behaviour have influenced the performance of employees and their relationship with their employers. The issues need timely redress so that organisations enjoy success occasioned by healthy association among employees and the management. The OB is about people in organisations and it covers a wide spectrum of human conduct with an ultimate eye on high productivity and efficiency in any organisation.

The individual level involves organisational psychology and understanding human behaviour and incentives. The groups or teams involve social psychology and sociological insights into human interaction and group dynamics. The organisational level undertakes systemslevel analyses and the study of how firms engage with one another in the marketplace. The OB examines attitudes, social climate, and performance within organisations by examining both individual and group behaviour on a regional, national, and global level. Researchers examine why people (individually or in groups) behave the way they do and how to manage these behaviours so that the organisation can achieve optimal performance.

The take-off point is individual and each has a different level of education, background, abilities and beliefs. The individual personality and character traits are prime ingredients to their likely organisational behaviour. It’s the people within an organisation who are primary influences on the OB. Individual employees respond differently to various methods of communication and behave in certain ways due to the structure of the workplace and the organisation’s culture, values, and goals. They tend to align better with teammates and managers who mirror their behavioural strengths. As such, a keen grasp of organisational behaviour can enable middle management to build more effective teams and communicate better with frontline employees. These individuals within the organisation rise as leaders and their individual personalities are bound to have an impact on the OB and organisation environment. On the other hand, learning about organisational behaviour enables individuals to understand their own behaviours, attitudes, ethical views, and performance, as well as those of the people with whom they will be working.

The OB has its roots in the dynamics of any family life in our culture. Individual or collective personality, values, emotions and moods, motivation and communication are all visible and active in any Indian family. The OB investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behaviour within organisations for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving the organisation’s effectiveness. It is here that the family behaviour or environment which also deep impact on any individual in our society are two major contributors to the OB and the shape it takes to better the organisational effectiveness. The similarity is at times so visible in any organisation behaviour and family behaviour that they may be taken as interchangeable but for the structure, productivity, commercial aims and bondage. Family behaviour includes the impact that parents, families and structure have on the behaviour of individuals within families towards improving the family’s effectiveness.

All individuals come into the world with diversities and their own personalities with important similarities and variations. Some are born rich, diverse, interesting, frustrating, humorous, demanding, difficult, and delightful and the job of parents or teachers/instructors is to accept the diversity and the personality characteristics of individuals and help them to learn about the world, teach them good values, and provide a paternal or supervisory cradle in which they can develop. The family and organisation are almost inclusive in their roles of shaping an individual’s life and bringing out the best in him or her. An employee's personality plays a critical role in deciding their workplace behaviour and interaction. It also decides an employee's ability to produce highquality work. Using the OB, companies can understand a candidate's personality and determine whether they are a good fit for the organisation and value the organisational culture, value and mission.

It is not the skill or the intelligence of the employee alone that is important for the growth of the organisation. The personal life of the employee, his emotions, feelings etc. are equally important to get the best out of him. The manager cannot separate or isolate the home life of employees from his official life. It, therefore, goes without saying that unless steps are taken to satisfy the total individual, it is not possible to benefit fully from his potential. An organisation is a conglomeration of individuals who work for a common goal. The activity of each individual affects and is affected by the activities of others.

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