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ANOTHER AFGHANISTAN IN MAKING IN EUROPE

BIDEN NOW PREPARES TO ABANDON KOSOV, AGAIN PRO-AMERICANS HAVE TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES

Within nine months of the inauguration of his innings in the White House in January this year, the US President Joe Biden decides to leave the war-torn Afghanistan, though causing existential threat to the proUS elements, signs a nuclear submarine deal with Australia at the cost of America’s NATO ally, France. Biden now appears to be trying to leave the conflict zone of Southern Europe

Amidst the deepening of the Christian-Muslim conflict in the Balkans, Kosov, the ‘renegade pre-dominant Muslim province’ of Serbia, is being asked to accommodate proUS Afghan refugees, but America has indicated that its troops under the NATO umbrella too would be leaving the conflict zone. Within nine months of the inauguration of his innings in the White House in January this year, the US President Joe Biden decides to leave the war-torn Afghanistan, though causing existential threat to the pro-US elements, signs a nuclear submarine deal with Australia at the cost of America’s NATO ally, France. Biden now appears to be trying to leave the conflict zone of Southern Europe. The Indian concern towards the plight of the people of the region is natural, because during the post World War-II era, the region was a part of Yugoslavia, a secular Communist regime under Martial Josip Broz Tito, one of the most celebrated statesmen and war heroes of the region. He was the youngest sergeant –major in the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was one of the few Communist leaders, who had refused to toe the diktat of the USSR’s unquested leader, Joseph Stalin. He along with Jawaharlal Nehru and the Egyptian leader, Nasser had founded the ‘non-aligned movement’ and had ushered in a ‘secular regime’ bringing Orthodox Christians and Muslims to jointly work for a united Yugoslavia. However, after his death Yugoslavia fragmented and witnessed communal or ethnic violence. Tito had successfully managed to keep ethnic tensions under control by delegating as much power as possible to each republic. After the death of Tito and the collapse of the USSR, ethnic violence flared up in the region. The UNHCR reports estimated that 3000 to 50,000 Muslim women were raped by the Serbian forces. It was also a part of the cleansing of the minorities in the country. The Serb forces set up “rape camps”, where women were subjected to being repeatedly raped, and only released when pregnant. The rapists reportedly used to tell their victims, “You are going to have our children. You are going to have our little Chetniks”, and that the reason for their being raped was to “plant the seed of Serbs in Bosnia”. The torture camps at Eraterm, vilina, vlas, Manjaca, Omarska etc. were noticed by the various watch-dogs. Even young men and boys were not spared. Many male victims were found to have been ostracized from their communities, often being stripped of their masculinity or accused of homosexuality due to the predominantly masculinity culture in Bosnia. The UN Commission of experts that investigated the rapes in former Yugoslavia has concluded. ‘Rape cannot be seen as incidental to the main purpose of the aggression but as serving a strategic purpose in itself,’ reports the European Community mission concerned especially with the situation of Bosniak women. In 1999, the NATO forces with around 4,000 troops from 28 countries, after a 78- day bombing campaign, began serving as a peace-keeping force. Kosovo’s declaration of independence is backed by the United States, Britain, and most EU member states, but its membership of the United Nations is blocked by Russia, Serbia’s traditional ally. European Commission spokesperson Diana Spinant on September 27 urged both sides to “sit down together and to put an end to the verbal escalation in the region.” The European Union hopes Serbian and Kosovar negotiators will meet, said the bloc’s spokesman on foreign affairs, Peter Stano. “There are a lot of diplomatic activities going on now both in Brussels and on the ground,” Stano told reporters. Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama on September 27 visited Kosovo and criticized Serbia’s “theatrical military manoeuvres,” saying that the “only solution is a dialogue.” Albania and Kosovo have accepted a U.S. request to temporarily take in Afghan refugees seeking visas to enter the United States, the two Balkan countries said. Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama Rama said U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration had asked fellow NATO member Albania to assess whether it could serve as a transit country for a number of Afghan refugees whose final CRITICISM OF THE CASE FOR WAR The NATO intervention has been seen as a political diversionary tactic, coming as it did on the heels of the Monica Lewinsky scandal, pointing to the fact that coverage of the bombing directly replaced coverage of the scandal in US news cycles. Herbert Foerstel points out that before the bombing, rather than there being an unusually bloody conflict, the KLA was not engaged in a widespread war against Yugoslav forces and the death toll among all concerned (including ethnic Albanians) skyrocketed following NATO intervention. In a post-war report released by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the organization also noted “the pattern of the expulsions and the vast increase in lootings, killings, rape, kidnappings and pillage once the NATO air war began on March 24”

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