Gujarat worst performer among States with high school dropout rate
Ahmedabad: The recently released National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) has found that a large number of students in rural India are dropping out from school each year and Gujarat is the worst performer, while Kerala is the best.
In Gujarat, out of about 96.4% male students enrolled in schools at the primary level only about 45% make it to the higher secondary level. In the case of female students, about 97.3% join at the primary level but only 29.2% are left by the time they reach the higher secondary.
The number of girls drops to drops to 85.9% when they are between 11 and 13 years of age and further to 53.7% when they turn 14 and 15. Finally, 29.2% girls reach the higher secondary level.
As against this, in rural Kerala, 99.5% of male students between the ages of 16 and 17 get themselves enrolled in schools and about 90.8% reach the higher secondary level. Among girls, about 99.4% are enrolled at the primary level and 93.6% reach the higher secondary level.
In another BJP-ruled state of Assam too, only about 58% male students reach the higher secondary stage while the number is 60.6% for female students.
West Bengal and Maharashtra are also among the poor performers, though they are relatively better off than Gujarat and Assam.
In rural West Bengal, 98% male students below the age of 10 years are enrolled in schools but the number drops to 79% for those between the ages of 14 and 15.
During the ages of 16 and 17 years, the rate further drops to 58.6%, implying that 42% of the students are not being enrolled in higher secondary sections.
Among female students this rate at 65.2%, indicating that about 35% of female students are abandoning their studies every year and are not being enrolled in the higher secondary level.
In Maharashtra, 97.6% students are enrolled in the primary level while 74.7% reach the higher secondary stage; in case of female students the rate is 66.9%.
Besides Kerala, most Southern states like Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are comparately better performers.